Comparison of Dose Rates with and Without Gold Backing of USC #9 Radioactive Eye Plaque Using MCNP5
P Aryal*, J Molloy, Univ Kentucky - Chandler Medical Ctr, Lexington, KYSU-E-T-13 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
To show the effect of gold backing on dose rates for the USC #9 radioactive eye plaque.
An I125 source ( IsoAid model IAI-125A) and gold backing was modeled using MCNP5 Monte Carlo code. A single iodine seed was simulated with and without gold backing. Dose rates were calculated in two orthogonal planes. Dose calculation points were structured in two orthogonal planes that bisect the center of the source. A 2x2 cm matrix of spherical points of radius 0.2 mm was created in a water phantom of 10 cm radius. 0.2 billion particle histories were tracked. Dose differences with and without the gold backing were analyzed using Matlab.
The gold backing produced a 3% increase in the dose rate near the source surface (<1mm) relative to that without the backing. This was presumably caused by fluorescent photons from the gold. At distances between 1 and 2 cm, the gold backing reduced the dose rate by up to 12%, which we attribute to a lack of scatter resulting from the attenuation from the gold. Dose differences were most pronounced in the radial direction near the source center but off axis. The dose decreased by 25%, 65% and 81% at 1, 2, and 3 mm off axis at a distance of 1 mm from the source surface. These effects were less pronounced in the perpendicular dimension near the source tip, where maximum dose decreases of 2% were noted.
I 125 sources embedded directly into gold troughs display dose differences of 2 - 90 %, relative to doses without the gold backing. This is relevant for certain types of plaques used in treatment of ocular melanoma. Large dose reductions can be observed and may have implications for scleral dose reduction.