Evaluation of Metal Artifact Reduction in MVCTs Using a Model Based Image Reconstruction Method
M Paudel*, M MacKenzie, B Fallone, S Rathee, University of Alberta, Department of Oncology, Edmonton, AB, CanadaSU-E-J-17 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: To evaluate the performance of a model based image reconstruction in reducing metal artifacts in MVCT systems, and to compare with filtered-back projection (FBP) technique.
Methods: Iterative maximum likelihood polychromatic algorithm for CT (IMPACT) is used with pair/triplet production process and the energy dependent response of detectors. The beam spectra for in-house bench-top and TomotherapyTM MVCT are modelled for use in IMPACT. The energy dependent gain of detectors is calculated using a constrained optimization technique and measured attenuation produced by 0 - 24 cm thick solid water slabs. A cylindrical (19 cm diameter) plexiglass phantom containing various central cylindrical inserts (relative electron density of 0.28-1.69) between two steel rods (2 cm diameter) is scanned in the bench-top [the bremsstrahlung radiation from 6 MeV electron beam passed through 4 cm solid water on the Varian Clinac 2300C] and TomotherapyTM MVCTs. The FBP reconstructs images from raw signal normalised to air scan and corrected for beam hardening using a uniform plexi-glass cylinder (20 cm diameter). IMPACT starts with FBP reconstructed seed image and reconstructs final image at 1.25 MeV in 150 iterations.
Results: FBP produces a visible dark shading in the image between two steel rods that becomes darker with higher density central insert causing 5-8 % underestimation of electron density compared to the case without the steel rods. In the IMPACT image the dark shading connecting the steel rods is nearly removed and the uniform background restored. The average attenuation coefficients of the inserts and the background are very close to the corresponding theoretical values at 1.25 MeV.
Conclusions: The dark shading metal artifact due to beam hardening can be removed in MVCT using the iterative reconstruction algorithm such as IMPACT. However, the accurate modelling of detectors' energy dependent response and physical processes are crucial for successful implementation.