A Prototype of a Real-Time Respiratory Motion Monitoring System Using Microsoft Kinect Sensor
J Xia*, R Siochi, University Of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IASU-E-J-158 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
To investigate the feasibility of a low-cost respiratory motion monitoring system based on the Microsoft Xbox Kinect sensor.
We improved Kinect's inherent depth resolution from 1 cm to 1 mm via a motion magnification system. Using the Kinect software development kit, we programmed the Kinect to capture depth images and determine the average depth over a thoracic region of interest, viewed almost parallel to the subject's surface. Kinect respiratory traces (average depth vs time at a rate of 30 Hz) were acquired from four volunteers and compared with those simultaneously acquired using a commercially available strain gauge respiratory gating system.
The correlation coefficient (CC) between Kinect and strain gauge traces varied from 0.958 to 0.978, with a mean CC of 0.969. This strong correlation was also demonstrated by the joint probability distribution and visual inspection.
This work demonstrates the feasibility of using the Kinect for respiratory motion tracking. Traces are similar to those of a clinically used strain gauge system. The Kinect-based system provides a new and economical way to monitor respiratory motion.