Investigations of Secondary Ion Distributions in Carbon Ion Therapy Using the Timepix Detector
K Gwosch1*, B Hartmann1,2, J Jakubek3, C Granja3, P Soukup3, O Jaekel1,2,4, M Martisikova1,2, (1) German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, ,(2) Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, ,(3) Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, ,(4) Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center, Heidelberg,SU-D-BRB-2 Sunday 2:15:00 PM - 3:00:00 PM Room: Ballroom B
Purpose: Due to the high conformity of carbon ion therapy, unpredictable changes in the patient's geometry or deviations from the planned beam properties can result in changes of the dose distribution. PET has been used successfully to monitor the actual dose distribution in the patient. However, it suffers from biological washout processes and low detection efficiency. The purpose of this contribution is to investigate the potential of beam monitoring by detection of prompt secondary ions emerging from a homogeneous phantom, simulating a patient's head. Methods: Measurements were performed at the Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center (Germany) using a carbon ion pencil beam irradiated on a cylindrical PMMA phantom (16cm diameter). For registration of the secondary ions, the Timepix detector was used. This pixelated silicon detector allows position-resolved measurements of individual ions (256x256 pixels, 55µm pitch). To track the secondary ions we used several parallel detectors (3D voxel detector). Results: For monitoring of the beam in the phantom, we analyzed the directional distribution of the registered ions. This distribution shows a clear dependence on the initial beam energy, width and position. Detectable were range differences of 1.7mm, as well as vertical and horizontal shifts of the beam position by 1mm. To estimate the clinical potential of this method, we measured the yield of secondary ions emerging from the phantom for a beam energy of 226MeV/u. The differential distribution of secondary ions as a function of the angle from the beam axis for angles between 0 and 90° will be presented. In this setup the total yield in the forward hemisphere was found to be in the order of 10^-1 secondary ions per primary carbon ion. Conclusions: The presented measurements show that tracking of secondary ions provides a promising method for non-invasive monitoring of ion beam parameters for clinical relevant carbon ion fluences.