An Ultra-High Resolution Small Field-Of-View Solid State X-Ray Imaging Detector Based On An Electron Multiplying CCD
V Singh*, B Loughran, A Jain, P Sharma, D Bednarek, S Rudin, Toshiba Stroke Research Center, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NYSU-E-I-99 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: To demonstrate the ultra-high resolution capability of a small field-of-view (FOV) solid state
x-ray imaging detector based on an EMCCD sensor.
Methods: A micro-solid state x-ray image intensifier (micro-SSXII) was developed to serve as an ultra-high resolution region-of-interest (ROI) imaging detector. It is based on an 8 micron, 1004 by 1002 pixel electron multiplying CCD (EMCCD) optically coupled to a 100 micron thick CsI(Tl) phosphor through a fiber optic window resulting in a FOV of 8 mm. The modulation transfer function (MTF) of the micro-SSXII was measured by the slanted edge method. A cast of a rat kidney (made by mixing resin and iodine for contrast) and a mammography line pair test object were imaged at 50 kVp to demonstrate the detector's ultra-high resolution capability visually.
Results: The MTF was determined and was 5% at 20 cycles/mm. This is consistent with the clear visualization of the maximum 20 lp/mm group in the image of the mammography test object. Also, iodine bubbles with diameters as small as 25 microns, which are formed by the non-uniform mixing of the iodine in the resin cast, can be clearly identified in the rat kidney vessels.
Conclusions: The ultra-high resolution capability (>20 lp/mm) but small FOV (8 mm) of the micro-SSXII in combination with a low-energy x-ray source may have application for investigations of vascular specimen details and other fine structures where optical or other surface imagers would be unsuited for evaluating features below the surface. Contact radiography with this imager combined with a large higher-load focal spot x-ray tube may be a promising substitute for magnification radiography which is limited by the use of specialized low output micro-focus x-ray tubes and geometric un-sharpness for large magnifications.