Dose Distribution Generated From ¹³¹I Radionuclide Using SPECT-CT
S Itoh1*, A Haga1, Y Fukuda2, N Sasano2,3, T Onoe1, S Shibata1, K Nakagawa1 (1) University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, (2) Tokyo Metropolitan Police Hospital, Tokyo, (3) Teikyo University Hospital, TokyoSU-E-J-183 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: ¹³¹I radionuclide therapy is widely performed in a thyroid cancer treatment, but there has been almost no evaluation of the dose distribution. The aim of this work is to develop the calculation system using the data of SPECT-CT and to examine the effects of their image resolutions on the dose distribution.
Methods: We designed and constructed an acrylic phantom for measurement. A radioactive iodine capsule and glass dosimeters can be set in the layer structure of the phantom. We put iodine capsules (37MBq, 111MBq, 185MBq) in the middle of the phantom and acquired SPECT-CT (Infinia Hawkeye4 (GE)) images. Both the CT value data (image resolution: 1.1 mm) and the intensity map data of SPECT (image resolution: 4.4 mm) were independently used for the estimation of the cumulative dose distribution generated from the radioactive iodine in the phantom. We adopted Monte Carlo program PHITS2.0 as the simulation of the dose calculation. The absolute dose was measured by glass dosimeters.
Results: The measurement result by glass dosimeters was very similar to the Monte Carlo simulation result, in which the difference was about 0.3 %. We obtained the dose distributions reconstructed by the radioactive iodine distribution using CT value data and SPECT data, respectively. The iodine distribution from CT could be finer than that of SPECT data because of its higher image resolution. As a result, the difference was found to be factor two in the middle of the iodine distribution. On the other hand, both of the dose distribution was almost same above 2.2 cm distance from the center.
Conclusions: We can reconstruct the 131I dose distribution using SPECT-CT data. For more accurate calculation of the dose distribution, it would be crucial to increase the resolution of SPECT data.