Comparison of VMAT Vs Arc Treatment Plans for Patients Undergoing SBRT of Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
T Neicu*, P Chan, V Valakh, M Bizhan, C Miyamoto, S Li, Temple University Health System, Philadelphia, PASU-E-T-648 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: To evaluate the dosimetric implications of using VMAT (Volume Modulated Arc Therapy) treatment planning techniques compared to traditional Arc therapy methods for patients undergoing SBRT (Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy) for early-stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: Ten NSCLC cancer patients are planned with both VMAT and Arc techniques. The SBRT treatment plans comparison was quantified by several Dose-Volume Histogram (DVH) indicators including mean, maximum and minimum doses for GTV, ITV, PTV, OAR (Organs At Risk), and V95 (volume receiving at least 95% of the prescribed dose) for PTV.
Results: On average VMAT plans require for treatment delivery 16.6 ± 20.2 % more monitor units (MU) than the traditional Arc plans. The average PTV minimum, maximum and mean doses as a percentage of prescribed dose are 94.5 ± 3.9 %, 114.1 ± 3.3 % and 106.6 ± 1.6 % for VMAT vs 91.6 ± 4.4 %, 119.5 ± 5.3 % and 109.5 ± 2.5 % for the Arc technique. The V95 PTV coverage for VMAT plans range from 99.4 % to 100 % with a mean of 99.7 %, compared with a range of 96.8 % to 100 % with a mean of 99 % for the Arc plans. The maximum dose received by the lungs, spinal cord and chest wall show on average significant increases for Arc plans as opposed to VMAT plans (5.7 ± 6 % increase for lungs, 4.4 ± 9.2 % for cord and 2.4 ± 6.3 % for chest wall ). The average mean doses and minimum doses for the OAR are similar for both techniques.
Conclusions: The comparison of VMAT vs Arc plans for SBRT of NSCLC patients is subject to many variables, including GTV and PTV volume sizes, shape and their proximity relative to the OAR.