Inter- and Intra-Fraction Variations in Esophageal Dose for Lung Cancer Patients, and the Impact of Setup Technique and Treatment Modality
M Carroll*, J Cheung, L Zhang, L Court, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, HOUSTON, TXSU-E-T-560 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: To understand the dose-response of the esophagus in photon and proton therapy, it is important to appreciate the variations in delivered dose caused by inter- and intra-fraction motion.
Methods: Four lung cancer patients were identified who had experienced grade 3 esophagitis during their treatment, and for whom their esophagus was close, but not encompassed by, the treatment volume. Each patient had been treated with proton therapy using 35-37 2Gy fractions, and had received weekly 4DCT imaging. IMRT plans were also created using the same treatment planning constraints. In-house image registration software was used to deform the esophagus contour from the treatment plan to each phase of the 4DCT for each weekly image set. Daily setup using both bony and soft tissue (GTV) registration was simulated, and the treatment dose calculated for each CT image. Changes to the esophagus DVH relative to the treatment plan were quantified in terms of the relative volume of the esophagus receiving 45, 55, and 65Gy (V45, V55 and V65).
Results: For all combinations of treatment modality (photon, proton) and setup method (bony, GTV), intra-fraction motion resulted in a range of V45, V55 and V65 from 3.6 to 5.5%. Inter-fraction motion comparing daily exhale or inhale phases showed the range of V45, V55 and V65 from 8.5 to 18.6% (exhale) and 9.8 to 16.3% (inhale).
Conclusions: Inter-fractional motion resulted in larger variations in dose delivered to the esophagus than intra-fractional motion. The inter-fraction range for V45, V55 and V65 varied by around 10% between patients. The treatment modality (photon, proton) and setup technique (bony, GTV) had minimal impact on the results.