Photon Beam Modeling and Verification of Collapsed Cone Convolution Algorithm for Dose Calculation in a Radiation Treatment Planning System
J Jung1*, W Cho1, J Lee2, D Kim1, M Kim1, T Suh1, (1) Department of Biomedical Engineering, Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, (2) Konkuk University Medical Center, SeoulSU-E-T-537 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy the collapsed cone convolution (CCC) algorithm for dose calculation in a radiation treatment planning system (TPS).
Methods: We modeled various photon beams for various setup conditions in a radiation treatment planning system (CorePLANTM, Seoul C&J, Korea). The beam models were generated at various set-up conditions such as open beam or wedged beam, 6 MV or 15 MV beam and field sizes from 4 x 4 cm² to 40 x 40 cm². Each beam model was optimized by spectrum modeling from measured percent depth dose (PDD) data, dose profile modeling from a measured profile at a specific depth (10 cm) data. Dose calculation was performed using conventional CCC algorithm. All measured data were acquired from a Clinac 21EX (Varian Medical System, Palo Alto, CA, USA) linear accelerator with the setting of SSD = 100 cm. All calculated PDD and dose profiles at various depths from generated beam models were compared to the measured data.
Results: Calculated dose data from each beam model showed good agreements within 2% of difference to the measured PDD and within 3% dose profiles at various depths. Some regions such as penumbra region at 20 x 20 cm² field size and horn region at wedge field showed dose discrepancies over 3%. The results of PDD at all situations showed well agreement with measured data under the 10 x 10 cm² field size. For wedged cases, however, under the 5 cm depths, some inconsistency at penumbra region were appeared.
Conclusions: In this study, we verified the accuracy of CCC algorithm in the TPS. Calculated results by our implemented algorithm was well satisfied with measured dose at small field size (<20 x 20 cm²). Our next study will perform to compensate theses inconsistencies.