Inverse-Consistent Symmetric Registration of Inner Colon Surfaces Derived From Prone and Supine CT Colonography
H Roth1*, J McClelland1, M Modat1, T Hampshire1, D Boone2, M Hu1, S Ourselin1, S Halligan2, D Hawkes1, (1) Centre for Medical Image Computing and (2) Centre for Medical Imaging, University College London, London, United KingdomWE-E-213CD-3 Wednesday 2:00:00 PM - 3:50:00 PM Room: 213CD
Purpose: Robust registration of prone and supine colonic surfaces acquired during CT colonography may lead to faster and more accurate detection of colorectal cancer and polyps. Any directional bias when registering one surface to the other could precipitate incorrect anatomical correspondence and engender reader error. Despite this, non-rigid registration methods are often implemented asymmetrically, which could negatively influence the registration. We aimed to reduce directional bias and so increase robustness by adapting a cylindrical registration algorithm to be both symmetric and inverse-consistent.
Methods: The registration task can be simplified by mapping both prone and supine colonic surfaces onto regular cylinders. Spatial correspondence can then be established in cylindrical space using the original surfaces' local shape indices. We implemented a symmetric formulation of the popular non-rigid B-spline image registration method in cylindrical space. A symmetric similarity measure computes the sum of squared differences between both cylindrical representations of prone-to-supine and supine-to-prone directions simultaneously. Inverse consistency of the transformation is enforced by adding an appropriately weighted penalty term to the optimisation function.
Results: We selected 8 CT colonography patient cases with marked variation in luminal distension and surface morphology. We randomly allocated 4 of these for tuning an optimal set of registration parameters and 4 for validation. The mean inverse-consistency error was reduced by 32% from 4.8mm to 3.2mm by the new symmetric formulation. The mean registration error improved from 8.2mm to 7.3mm for 330 manually chosen reference points on the 4 validation sets.
Conclusions: A symmetric formulation of prone and supine surface registration improves the quality of registration. Information from both prone-to-supine and supine-to-prone directions helps enforce convergence towards a more accurate solution due to reduced directional bias. A more robust and accurate registration will facilitate interpretation of CT colonography and has the potential to improve existing computer-aided detection methods.