First Experimental Test of Secondary Ion Tracking for the Assessment of Beam Range in a Patient-Like Phantom
M Martisikova1*, J Jakubek2, K Gwosch3, B Hartmann4, J Telsemeyer5, P Soukup6, C Granja7, S Pospisil8, O Jaekel9, (1) Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, (2) Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague (3) German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, ,(4) German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, ,(5) Heidelberg University Hospital,(6) Czech Technical University in Prague, (7) Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague, (8) Czech Technical University in Prague, (9) Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg,MO-A-213AB-11 Monday 8:00:00 AM - 9:55:00 AM Room: 213AB
Purpose: Radiation therapy with ion beams provides highly conformal dose distributions. Therefore, monitoring the dose delivery within the patient in a non-invasive way is desired. The clinically available method based on tissue activation measurements with a PET-camera shows limitations due to the low induced activities and biological washout of the activated nuclei. The prompt production of secondary ions is supposed to be less influenced by biological processes. This contribution investigates the feasibility of beam range monitoring in a patient-like geometry containing realistic tissue inhomogeneities.
Methods: The experiments were performed at the Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center in Germany using carbon ion beams of 213 and 250MeV/u. Static pencil beams (FWHM of 6mm) were applied to the skull base and brain regions of a head phantom containing real bones. The emerging secondary ions were registered by the silicon detector Timepix. It was developed by the Medipix Collaboration and provides 256x256 pixels with 55um pitch. To determine the direction of the particles, a multi-layered detector (3D voxel detector, J.Jakubek etal. JINST6 C12010) was employed. The contribution of K. Gwosch etal. addresses the performance of this method in a homogeneous phantom.
Results: In the 3D distributions of the measured secondary ions clear differences between the application of lower and higher energies were observed. This result was achieved in both brain (homogeneous) and skull base regions (containing inhomogeneities). Differences between the energies could be observed with the detector positioned on the occipital side as well as on the facial side of the head.
Conclusions: We performed the first experiments towards beam range monitoring in a patient-like geometry exploiting tracking of prompt secondary ions with a small detector prototype. Despite the inherent tissue inhomogeneities, we found sensitivity on the beam range in both brain and skull base.
Research carried out in frame of the Medipix Collaboration.