Dose Calculation of Electron Therapy Using Improved Lateral Buildup Ratio Method
W Gebreamlak1*, D Tedeschi1, H Alkhatib2, (1) University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, (2) Richland Memorial Hospital, Columbia, SCSU-F-BRB-3 Sunday 4:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Ballroom B
Purpose: To calculate the percentage depth dose of any irregular shape electron beam using modified lateral build-up-ratio method.
Method and materials: Percentage depth dose (PDD) curves were measured using 6, 9, 12, and 15MeV electron beam energies for applicator cone sizes of 6x6, 10x10, 14x14, and 14x14cm². Circular cutouts for each cone were prepared from 2.0cm diameter to the maximum possible size for each cone. In addition, three irregular cutouts were prepared. The scanning was done using a water tank and two diodes - one for the signal and the other a stationary reference outside the tank. The water surface was determined by scanning the signal diode slowly from water to air and by noting the sharp change of the percentage depth dose curve at the water/air interface.
Results: The lateral build-up-ratio (LBR) for each circular cutout was calculated from the measured PDD curve using the open field of the 14x14 cm² cone as the reference field. Using the LBR values and the radius of the circular cutouts, the corresponding lateral spread parameter (sigma) of the electron shower was calculated. Unlike the commonly accepted assumption that sigma is independent of cutout size, it is shown that the sigma value increases linearly with circular cutout size. Using this characteristic of sigma, the PDD curves of irregularly shaped cutouts were calculated. Finally, the calculated PDD curves were compared with measured PDD curves.
Conclusions: In this research, it is shown that sigma increases with cutout size. For radius of circular cutout sizes up to the equilibrium range of the electron beam, the increase of sigma with the cutout size is linear. The percentage difference of the calculated PDD from the measured PDD for irregularly shaped cutouts was under 1.0%. Similar result was obtained for four electron beam energies (6, 9, 12, and 15MeV).