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Validation of An Optically Stimulated Luminescent (OSL) Dosimeter for Use in Output Exposure Control Verification of Mammography Imaging Systems


N Ranger

N Ranger1*, P Butler2, C Yahnke, D Valentino1, (1) Landauer Corporation, Glenwood, IL, (2) American College of Radiology, Reston, VA

SU-E-I-60 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose:
To develop and validate an Optically Stimulated Luminescent (OSL) dosimeter for exposure control verification of x-ray projection mammography imaging systems.

Methods:
The active detection element of the dosimeter is a strip of OSL material 3.0 mm wide, 0.13 mm thick and 30.0 mm long with an overlying aluminum step wedge with thicknesses of 0, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 mm Al, encapsulated in a light-tight plastic enclosure with outer dimensions of 10.0 mm wide, 5.4 mm thick, and 54.0 mm long. The dosimeter is used in conjunction with a breast phantom for the purpose of estimating the half-value layer (HVL), entrance surface exposure (ESE), and average glandular dose (AGD) in conventional projection mammography. ESE and HVL were computed based on analysis of exposure profiles obtained from exposed strip dosimeters. The AGD was estimated by multiplying the ESE by the appropriate exposure to dose conversion factor for the thickness and % glandular tissue fraction represented by the phantom and target-filter combination employed. The accuracy and reproducibility of the ESE, HVL and AGD estimates obtained using the dosimeter positioned on the surface of the ACR phantom at the chest wall edge, was evaluated using mammography systems utilizing different imaging receptor technology, i.e. screen-film (SF), computed radiography (CR) and direct radiography (DR) and compared against results obtained using a calibrated ion chamber fitted with a mammography probe.

Results:
ESE, AGD and HVL results obtained using the OSL mammography QA dosimeter agreed with results obtained using an ion chamber to within 5-10%, depending on the target-filter combination used. Repeat readings were highly consistent with a coefficient of variation = 5%.

Conclusions:
The OSL mammography QA dosimeter has been shown to effectively estimate ESE, HVL and AGD, demonstrating its usefulness for secondary monitoring of output exposure of mammography imaging systems.

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