Planning and Verification of CT-Based HDR Intraluminal Brachytherapy Treatment for Malignant Obstructive Jaundice
A Svoboda*, Y Lo, R Sheu, V DUMANE, K ROSENZWEIG, Mount Sinai Medical Center, NEW YORK, NYSU-E-T-315 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall
Purpose: To present our experience using CT to plan and verify intraluminal HDR treatment for a patient with obstructive jaundice. Due to the obstruction's proximity to the small bowel, along with small bowel adhesions from past surgical history, it was imperative to verify source position relative to the bowel before each treatment.
Methods: Treatment was administered to a total dose of 2000cGy in 5 fractions via a 6F intraluminal catheter inserted into the patient's 14F percutaneous drainage catheter. Graduations on the intraluminal catheter were used to measure the exact length of catheter inserted in to the patient's drainage tube allowing reproducibility. Dummy seeds inserted during CT were identified by iteratively aligning the planning system's 3D reconstruction axis to the catheter at multiple points as it snaked through the liver. Taking in to account the known offset between actual dwell positions and dummy source positions, we determined what dwell positions to activate for planning. CT verification was performed prior to each treatment to insure that the drainage catheter had not moved and that the distance from treatment site to small bowel was adequate. Dummy seeds and anatomical landmarks were identified on the scout image and correlated to the CT.
Results: Verification CTs showed remarkable consistency in the day-to-day drainage catheter position. The physician was able to easily identify the small bowel of concern on the CT and determine if a safe distance existed for treatment.
Conclusions: The method outlined in this work provides a safe means by which to treat bile duct obstructions using HDR when critical structures are nearby. We were prepared to make real-time adjustments to our treatment plan to account for significant variation, but found it unnecessary to do so in this particular case.