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Report No. 216 - TG-69: Radiographic film for megavoltage beam dosimetry (2007)

Category: Reports

TG-69 is a task group report of the AAPM on the use of radiographic film for dosimetry. Radio- graphic films have been used for radiation dosimetry since the discovery of x-rays and have become an integral part of dose verification for both routine quality assurance and for complex treatments such as soft wedges (dynamic and virtual), intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), image guided radiation therapy (IGRT), and small field dosimetry like stereotactic radiosurgery. Film is convenient to use, spatially accurate, and provides a permanent record of the integrated two dimen- sional dose distributions. However, there are several challenges to obtaining high quality dosimetric results with film, namely, the dependence of optical density on photon energy, field size, depth, film batch sensitivity differences, film orientation, processing conditions, and scanner performance. Prior to the clinical implementation of a film dosimetry program, the film, processor, and scanner need to be tested to characterize them with respect to these variables. Also, the physicist must understand the basic characteristics of all components of film dosimetry systems. The primary mission of this task group report is to provide guidelines for film selection, irradiation, processing, scanning, and interpretation to allow the physicist to accurately and precisely measure dose with film. Additionally, we present the basic principles and characteristics of film, processors, and scan- ners. Procedural recommendations are made for each of the steps required for film dosimetry and guidance is given regarding expected levels of accuracy. Finally, some clinical applications of film dosimetry are discussed.

Medical Physics, 34, 2228-2258 (2007)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1118/1.2736779
ISBN: 978-1-936366-06-4

Keywords: Radiographic Film, Dosimetry, Megavoltage Radiation, Calibration, Quality Assurance
Work Group on Radiation Dosimetry Task Group #69

Sujatha Pai, Indra J. Das, James F. Dempsey, Kwok L. Lam, Thomas J. LoSasso, Arthur J. Olch, Jatinder R. Palta, Lawrence E. Reinstein, Dan Ritt, Ellen E. Wilcox

Committee Responsible: Radiation Dosimetry & Treatment Planning Subcommittee
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