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Edema Induced Changes in Tumor Cell Survival Fraction and Tumor Control Probability in 131Cs Permanent Prostate Implant Patients

T Kehwar

T. S. Kehwar*, M. S. Huq, R. P. Smith, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC Cancer Centers, Pittsburgh, PA

SU-E-T-7 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to estimate the effect of edema, developed during implant procedure, on tumor cell surviving fraction(SF) and tumor control probability(TCP) in the patients of prostate cancer who underwent ¹³¹Cs permanent seed implants.

Methods: The impact of edema on SF and TCP, was calculated using LQ equation extended to account for exponential nature of edema decay, dose delivered to edematous prostate and inhomogeneous dose distribution. Where (1)

S(D)=(1/V)Σⁿᵢ₌₁ [Vpi{1+M₀exp(−λₑt)}Sᵢ(D)]
−βq(t){Rᵢ(0)∫₀ᵗ[exp(–λt)/{1+M₀exp(−λₑt)}τ/3]dt }²]

and (2)


Following parameters, α=0.15Gy⁻¹, β=0.05Gy⁻², α/β=3.0Gy, Tp=42days, μ=61.6d⁻¹ and ρ=1×10⁶ are used to calculate SF and TCP for 31 patients of ¹³¹Cs permanent seed implants for edema half lives(EHL) ranging from 4 days to 34 days and for edemas of magnitudes(M₀) varying from 5% to 60% of the actual prostate volume.

Results: The dose reductions in ¹³¹Cs implants varied from 1.1% (for EHL=4 days and M₀=5%) to 32.3% (for EHL= 34 days and M₀ = 60%). These are higher than the dose reduction in ¹²⁵I implants, which vary from 0.3% (for EHL= 4 days and M₀ = 5%) to 17.5% (for EHL= 34 days and M₀ = 60%). As edema half life increased from 4 days to 34 days and edema magnitude increased from 5% to 60% the SF increased by 4.57 log, and the TCP decreased by 0.80.

Conclusions: Compensation of edema induced increase in the SF and decrease in the TCP in ¹³¹Cs seed implants should be carefully done by redefining seed positions with the guidance of post needle plans. The presented model in this study can be used to estimate the SF or the TCP for pre plan or real time permanent prostate implants using day 0 post implant CT images.

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