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Measurement of Skin Dose From Dental Cone-Beam CT Scans

J Rong

S Akyalcin1, J English1, K Abramovitch1, J Rong2*, (1) University of Texas Health Sciences Center at Houston, School of Dentistry, Houston, TX,(2) MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX

SU-E-I-6 Sunday 3:00:00 PM - 6:00:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: To directly measure skin dose using point-dosimeters from dental cone-beam CT (CBCT) scans. To compare the results among three different dental CBCT scanners and compare the CBCT results with those from a conventional panoramic and cephalomic dental imaging system.

Methods: A head anthropomorphic phantom was used with nanoDOT dosimeters attached to specified anatomic landmarks of selected radiosensitive tissues of interest. To ensure reliable measurement results, three dosimeters were used for each location. The phantom was scanned under various modes of operation and scan protocols for typical dental exams on three dental CBCT systems plus a conventional dental imaging system. The Landauer OSL nanoDOT dosimeters were calibrated under the same imaging condition as the head phantom scan protocols, and specifically for each of the imaging systems. Using nanoDOT dosimeters, skin doses at several positions on the surface of an adult head anthropomorphic phantom were measured for clinical dental imaging.

Results: The measured skin doses ranged from 0.04 to 4.62mGy depending on dosimeter positions and imaging systems. The highest dose location was at the parotid surface for all three CBCT scanners. The surface doses to the locations of the eyes were ~4.0mGy, well below the 500mGy threshold for possibly causing cataract development. The results depend on x-ray tube output (kVp and mAs) and also are sensitive to SFOV. Comparing to the conventional dental imaging system operated in panoramic and cephalometric modes, doses from all three CBCT systems were at least an order of magnitude higher. No image artifact was caused by presence of nanoDOT dosimeters in the head phantom images.

Conclusions: Direct measurements of skin dose using nanoDOT dosimeters provided accurate skin dose values without any image artifacts. The results of skin dose measurements serve as dose references in guiding future dose optimization efforts in dental CBCT imaging.

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