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Modeling Pathologic Response of Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer to Chemo-Radiotherapy Using Quantitative PET/CT Features, Clinical Parameters and Demographics

H Zhang

H Zhang1*, S Tan2 , W Chen1 , S Kligerman1 , G Kim3 , W D'Souza1 , M Suntharalingam1 , W Lu1 , (1) University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, (2) Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, (3) Duke University, High Point, NC


TU-C-12A-9 Tuesday 10:15AM - 12:15PM Room: 12A

Purpose: To develop predictive models using quantitative PET/CT features for the evaluation of tumor response to neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer.

Methods: This study included 20 patients who underwent tri-modality therapy (CRT + surgery) and had 18F-FDG PET/CT scans before initiation of CRT and 4-6 weeks after completion of CRT but prior to surgery. Four groups of tumor features were examined: (1) conventional PET/CT response measures (SUVmax, tumor diameter, etc.); (2) clinical parameters (TNM stage, histology, etc.) and demographics; (3) spatial-temporal PET features, which characterize tumor SUV intensity distribution, spatial patterns, geometry, and associated changes resulting from CRT; and (4) all features combined. An optimal feature set was identified with recursive feature selection and cross-validations. Support vector machine (SVM) and logistic regression (LR) models were constructed for prediction of pathologic tumor response to CRT, using cross-validations to avoid model over-fitting. Prediction accuracy was assessed via area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and precision was evaluated via confidence intervals (CIs) of AUC.

Results: When applied to the 4 groups of tumor features, the LR model achieved AUCs (95% CI) of 0.57 (0.10), 0.73 (0.07), 0.90 (0.06), and 0.90 (0.06). The SVM model achieved AUCs (95% CI) of 0.56 (0.07), 0.60 (0.06), 0.94 (0.02), and 1.00 (no misclassifications). Using spatial-temporal PET features combined with conventional PET/CT measures and clinical parameters, the SVM model achieved very high accuracy (AUC 1.00) and precision (no misclassifications), significantly better than using conventional PET/CT measures or clinical parameters and demographics alone. For groups with a large number of tumor features (groups 3 and 4), the SVM model achieved significantly higher accuracy than the LR model.

Conclusion: The SVM model using all features including quantitative PET/CT features accurately and precisely predicted pathologic tumor response to CRT in esophageal cancer.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This work was supported in part by National Cancer Institute Grant R21 CA131979 and R01 CA172638. Shan Tan was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China 60971112 and 61375018, and by Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities 2012QN086.

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