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Iodine Beam Hardening Correction for Single KVp CT and Quantification Accuracy Relative to Dual-Energy Monochromatic CT

G Yadava

G Yadava*, Y Imai , J Hsieh , GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI


TU-A-12A-12 Tuesday 7:30AM - 9:30AM Room: 12A

Purpose: Quantitative accuracy of Iodine Hounsfield Unit (HU) in conventional single-kVp scanning is susceptible to beam-hardening effect. Dual-energy CT has unique capabilities of quantification using monochromatic CT images, but this scanning mode requires the availability of the state-of-the-art CT scanner and, therefore, is limited in routine clinical practice. Purpose of this work was to develop a beam-hardening-correction (BHC) for single-kVp CT that can linearize Iodine projections at any nominal energy, apply this approach to study Iodine response with respect to keV, and compare with dual-energy based monochromatic images obtained from material-decomposition using 80kVp and 140kVp.

Methods: Tissue characterization phantoms (Gammex Inc.), containing solid-Iodine inserts of different concentrations, were scanned using GE multi-slice CT scanner at 80, 100, 120, and 140 kVp. A model-based BHC algorithm was developed where Iodine was estimated using re-projection of image volume and corrected through an iterative process. In the correction, the re-projected Iodine was linearized using a polynomial mapping between monochromatic path-lengths at various nominal energies (40 to 140 keV) and physically modeled polychromatic path-lengths. The beam-hardening-corrected 80kVp and 140kVp images (linearized approximately at effective energy of the beam) were used for dual-energy material-decomposition in Water-Iodine basis-pair followed by generation of monochromatic images. Characterization of Iodine HU and noise in the images obtained from single-kVp with BHC at various nominal keV, and corresponding dual-energy monochromatic images, was carried out.

Results: Iodine HU vs. keV response from single-kVp with BHC and dual-energy monochromatic images were found to be very similar, indicating that single-kVp data may be used to create material specific monochromatic equivalent using model-based projection linearization.

Conclusion: This approach may enable quantification of Iodine contrast enhancement and potential reduction in injected contrast without using dual-energy scanning. However, in general, dual-energy scanning has unique value in material characterization and quantification, and its value cannot be discounted.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: GE Healthcare Employee

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