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Development of 3D Dose Verification System for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Using Improved Polyacrylamide-Based Gel Dosimeter

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K Ono

K Ono1*, S Fujimoto1 , S Hayashi2 , M Miyazawa3 , Y Akagi1 , Y Hirokawa1 , (1) Hiroshima Heiwa Clinic, Hiroshima, (2) Hiroshima International University, Hiroshima, (3) R-TECH.INC, Toukyo


SU-E-T-105 Sunday 3:00PM - 6:00PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose:The aim of this dosimetric study was to develop 3D dose verification system for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) using polyacrylamide-based gel (PAGAT) dosimeter improved the sensitivity by magnesium chloride (MgCl₂).

Methods:PAGAT gel containing MgCl₂ as a sensitizer was prepared in this study. Methacrylic-acid-based gel (MAGAT) was also prepared to compare the dosimetric characteristics with PAGAT gel. The cylindrical glass vials (4 cm diameter, 12 cm length) filled with each polymer gel were irradiated with 6 MV photon beam using Novalis Tx linear accelerator (Varian/BrainLAB). The irradiated polymer gel dosimeters were scanned with Signa 1.5 T MRI system (GE), and dose calibration curves were obtained using T₂ relaxation rate (R₂ = 1/T₂). Dose rate (100-600 MU min⁻¹) and fractionation (1-8 fractions) were varied. In addition, a cubic acrylic phantom (10 x 10 x 10 cm³) filled with improved PAGAT gel inserted into the IMRT phantom (IBA) was irradiated with VMAT (RapidArc). C-shape structure was used for the VMAT planning by the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS). The dose comparison of TPS and measurements with the polymer gel dosimeter was accomplished by the gamma index analysis, overlaying the dose profiles for a set of data on selected planes using in-house developed software.

Results:Dose rate and fractionation dependence of improved PAGAT gel were smaller than MAGAT gel. A high similarity was found by overlaying the dose profiles measured with improved PAGAT gel dosimeter and the TPS dose, and the mean pass rate of the gamma index analysis using 3%/3 mm criteria was achieved 90% on orthogonal planes for VMAT using improved PAGAT gel dosimeter.

Conclusion:In-house developed 3D dose verification system using improved polyacrylamide-based gel dosimeter had a potential as an effective tool for VMAT QA.

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