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Gold Nanoparticles Enhanced Diffuse Optical Tomography: A Proof of Concept Study

Y Yang

Y Yang*, N Dogan, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 33136


TU-A-9A-11 Tuesday 7:30AM - 9:30AM Room: 9A

Purpose: To investigate the feasibility and potential of gold nanoparticles (GNP) enhanced diffuse optical tomography (DOT) as a novel imaging strategy for tumor detection.

Methods: Simulation was performed on a digital homogeneous cylindrical phantom of 30mmx30mm. Gold nanorods (GNR) with aspect ratio 3.9 and effective radius 21.86nm were used as contrast agent. The peak light absorption for these GNR occurs at 842nm within the near-infrared region, with the absorption cross-section of 1.97x10⁻¹⁴m⁻² and scatter cross-section of 1.07x10⁻¹⁴m⁻². A 6mm-diameter sphere of GNR solution was positioned inside the tissue-simulating phantom. Simulations were performed at the GNR concentration level of 1nM, 100pM and 10pM, respectively. The points representing laser sources and light detectors were around the phantom with 30o apart tangentially and 1mm apart axially for 9 rows. As one point being source, all the other points within the current row and nearby four rows become detectors. Hence there are 108 source points in total and 55 detector points corresponding to each source. Forward light transport at 842nm wavelength was run on a three-dimensional mesh of 33186 nodes (~0.5mm resolution) to acquire the light emission data. Reconstruction was performed on a coarse mesh of 19408 nodes (~1mm resolution) with ~20minutes on a 2.4GHz CPU and 8GB RAM computer.

Results: The position of the GNR solution at 1nM, 100pM and 10pM concentration was reconstructed, respectively, with <1mm error. The GNR concentration was interpreted from the reconstructed absorption coefficient within the enhanced volume. The reconstructed maximum concentrations were 0.3nM, 120.0pM, and 5.3pM, respectively.

Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time to apply GNP to enhance DOT. The simulation results showed the high sensitivity of GNP enhanced DOT, which is in pM concentration level, compared to the μM level for MRI agents and nM level for PET agents.

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