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Program Information

Pediatric CT Dose and Image Quality Optimization

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R Singh

G Stevens , R Singh*, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI


SU-E-I-43 Sunday 3:00PM - 6:00PM Room: Exhibit Hall

To design an approach to optimize radiation dose and image quality for pediatric CT imaging, and to evaluate expected performance.

A methodology was designed to quantify relative image quality as a function of CT image acquisition parameters. Image contrast and image noise were used to indicate expected conspicuity of objects, and a wide-cone system was used to minimize scan time for motion avoidance. A decision framework was designed to select acquisition parameters as a weighted combination of image quality and dose. Phantom tests were used to acquire images at multiple techniques to demonstrate expected contrast, noise and dose. Anthropomorphic phantoms with contrast inserts were imaged on a 160mm CT system with tube voltage capabilities as low as 70kVp. Previously acquired clinical images were used in conjunction with simulation tools to emulate images at different tube voltages and currents to assess human observer preferences.

Examination of image contrast, noise, dose and tube/generator capabilities indicates a clinical task and object-size dependent optimization. Phantom experiments confirm that system modeling can be used to achieve the desired image quality and noise performance. Observer studies indicate that clinical utilization of this optimization requires a modified approach to achieve the desired performance.

This work indicates the potential to optimize radiation dose and image quality for pediatric CT imaging. In addition, the methodology can be used in an automated parameter selection feature that can suggest techniques given a limited number of user inputs.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: G Stevens and R Singh are employees of GE Healthcare.

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