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A Convolution Model for Head Scatter Fluence in the Intensity Modulated Field

M Chen

M Chen*, X Mo , Y Chen , D Parnell , S Key , G Olivera , D Galmarini , W Lu , 21st Century Oncology, Madison, WI


SU-E-T-8 Sunday 3:00PM - 6:00PM Room: Exhibit Hall

To efficiently calculate the head scatter fluence for an arbitrary intensity-modulated field with any source distribution using the source occlusion model.

The source occlusion model with focal and extra focal radiation (Jaffray et al, 1993) can be used to account for LINAC head scatter. In the model, the fluence map of any field shape at any point can be calculated via integration of the source distribution within the visible range, as confined by each segment, using the detector eye's view. A 2D integration would be required for each segment and each fluence plane point, which is time-consuming, as an intensity-modulated field contains typically tens to hundreds of segments. In this work, we prove that the superposition of the segmental integrations is equivalent to a simple convolution regardless of what the source distribution is. In fact, for each point, the detector eye's view of the field shape can be represented as a function with the origin defined at the point's pinhole reflection through the center of the collimator plane. We were thus able to reduce hundreds of source plane integration to one convolution. We calculated the fluence map for various 3D and IMRT beams and various extra-focal source distributions using both the segmental integration approach and the convolution approach and compared the computation time and fluence map results of both approaches.

The fluence maps calculated using the convolution approach were the same as those calculated using the segmental approach, except for rounding errors (<0.1%). While it took considerably longer time to calculate all segmental integrations, the fluence map calculation using the convolution approach took only ~1/3 of the time for typical IMRT fields with ~100 segments.

The convolution approach for head scatter fluence calculation is fast and accurate and can be used to enhance the online process.

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