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Patient-Driven Automatic Exposure Control for Dedicated Breast CT

A Hernandez

A Hernandez1,2*, P Gazi1,2 , J Seibert2,3 , J Boone2,3 , (1) Biomedical Engineering Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, (2) Department of Radiology, UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, (3) Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California Davis, Davis, CA


TU-CD-207-11 (Tuesday, July 14, 2015) 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM Room: 207

Purpose: To implement automatic exposure control (AEC) in dedicated breast CT (bCT) on a patient-specific basis using only the pre-scan scout views.

Methods: Using a large cohort (N=153) of bCT data sets, the breast effective diameter (D) and width in orthogonal planes (Wa,Wb) were calculated from the reconstructed bCT image and pre-scan scout views, respectively. D, Wa, and Wb were measured at the breast center-of-mass (COM), making use of the known geometry of our bCT system. These data were then fit to a second-order polynomial “D=F(Wa,Wb)” in a least squares sense in order to provide a functional form for determining the breast diameter. The coefficient of determination (R²) and mean percent error between the measured breast diameter and fit breast diameter were used to evaluate the overall robustness of the polynomial fit. Lastly, previously-reported bCT technique factors derived from Monte Carlo simulations were used to determine the tube current required for each breast diameter in order to match two-view mammographic dose levels.

Results: F(Wa,Wb) provided fitted breast diameters in agreement with the measured breast diameters resulting in R² values ranging from 0.908 to 0.929 and mean percent errors ranging from 3.2% to 3.7%. For all 153 bCT data sets used in this study, the fitted breast diameters ranged from 7.9 cm to 15.7 cm corresponding to tube current values ranging from 0.6 mA to 4.9 mA in order to deliver the same dose as two-view mammography in a 50% glandular breast with a 80 kV x-ray beam and 16.6 second scan time.

Conclusion: The present work provides a robust framework for AEC in dedicated bCT using only the width measurements derived from the two orthogonal pre-scan scout views. Future work will investigate how these automatically chosen exposure levels affect the quality of the reconstructed image.

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