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Impact of the Radiochromic Film Energy Response On Dose Measurements of Low Energy Electronic Brachytherapy Sources

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L Liang

L Liang1*, H Bekerat1 , N Tomic1 , F DeBlois1 , S Devic1 , M Morcos2 , M Popovic3 , P Watson3 , J Seuntjens3 , (1) Jewish General Hospital, Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada (2) Vantage Oncology, Corona, CA, US (3) Montreal General Hospital, Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada


SU-E-T-462 (Sunday, July 12, 2015) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: We investigated the effect of the EBT3 GafChromicTM film model absorbed dose energy response when used for percent depth dose (PDD) measurements in low-energy photon beams.
Methods: We measured PDDs in water from a Xoft 50 kVp source using EBT3 film, and compared them to PDD measurements acquired with a PTW-TN34013 parallel-plate ionization chamber. For the x-ray source, we simulated spectra using the EGSnrc (BEAMnrc) Monte Carlo code, and calculated Half Value Layer (HVL) at different distances from the source in water. Pieces of EBT3 film were irradiated in air and calibration curves were created in terms of air-kerma in air ((Kair)air) for different beam qualities. Pieces of EBT3 film were positioned at distances of 2-6 cm from the Xoft source in a water phantom using a custom-made holder, and irradiated at the same time. As scatter is incorporated in the measured film signal in water, measured (Kair)wat was subsequently converted into absorbed dose to water by the ratio of mass energy absorption coefficients following the AAPM TG-61 dosimetry protocol.
Results: Our results show that film calibration curves obtained at beam qualities near the effective energy of the Xoft 50 kVp source in water lead to variation in absorbed dose energy dependence of the response of around 3%. However, if the calibration curve was established at MV beam quality, the error in absorbed dose could be as large as 15%. We observed agreement within 1% between PDD measurements using EBT3 film model (using a calibration curve obtained at 80 kVp, HVL=2.18 mm Al, Eeff=29.5 keV) and the parallel-plate ionization chamber.
Conclusion: Accurate dose measurements using radiochromic films at low photon energies require that the radiochromic film dosimetry system be calibrated at corresponding low energies, as large absorbed dose errors are expected for calibrations performed at MV beam qualities.

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