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Iterative CT Shading Correction Method with No Prior Information

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T Niu

P Wu1 , T Mao1 , S Xie2 , K Sheng3 , T Niu1*, T Niu1 , (1) Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, (2) Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, (3) University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA


WE-G-207-7 (Wednesday, July 15, 2015) 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Room: 207

Purpose: Shading artifacts are caused by scatter contamination, beam hardening effects and other non-ideal imaging condition. Our Purpose is to propose a novel and general correction framework to eliminate low-frequency shading artifacts in CT imaging (e.g., cone-beam CT, low-kVp CT) without relying on prior information.

Methods: Our method applies general knowledge of the relatively uniform CT number distribution in one tissue component. Image segmentation is applied to construct template image where each structure is filled with the same CT number of that specific tissue. By subtracting the ideal template from CT image, the residual from various error sources are generated. Since the forward projection is an integration process, the non-continuous low-frequency shading artifacts in the image become continuous and low-frequency signals in the line integral. Residual image is thus forward projected and its line integral is filtered using Savitzky-Golay filter to estimate the error. A compensation map is reconstructed on the error using standard FDK algorithm and added to the original image to obtain the shading corrected one. Since the segmentation is not accurate on shaded CT image, the proposed scheme is iterated until the variation of residual image is minimized.

Results: The proposed method is evaluated on a Catphan600 phantom, a pelvic patient and a CT angiography scan for carotid artery assessment. Compared to the one without correction, our method reduces the overall CT number error from >200 HU to be <35 HU and increases the spatial uniformity by a factor of 1.4.

Conclusion: We propose an effective iterative algorithm for shading correction in CT imaging. Being different from existing algorithms, our method is only assisted by general anatomical and physical information in CT imaging without relying on prior knowledge. Our method is thus practical and attractive as a general solution to CT shading correction.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This work is supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC Grant No. 81201091), National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (863 program, Grant No. 2015AA020917), and Fund Project for Excellent Abroad Scholar Personnel in Science and Technology.

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