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Evaluation of the Performance of Different Deformable Image Registration Algorithms in Helical, Axial and Cone-Beam CT Images of a Mobile Phantom

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J Jaskowiak

J Jaskowiak1*, N Alsbou2 , S Ahmad1 , I Ali1 , (1) University of Oklahoma Health Sciences, Oklahoma City, OK, (2) University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma,


SU-F-J-76 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: To investigate quantitatively the performance of different deformable-image-registration algorithms (DIR) with helical (HCT), axial (ACT) and cone-beam CT (CBCT) by evaluating the variations in the CT-numbers and lengths of targets moving with controlled motion-patterns.
Methods: Four DIR-algorithms including demons, fast-demons, Horn-Schunk and Locas-Kanade from the DIRART-software are used to register CT-images of a mobile-phantom. A mobile-phantom is scanned with different imaging techniques that include helical, axial and cone-beam CT. The phantom includes three targets with different lengths that are made from water-equivalent material and inserted in low-density-foam which is moved with adjustable motion-amplitudes and frequencies.
Results: Most of the DIR-algorithms are able to produce the lengths of the stationary-targets, however, they do not produce the CT-number values in CBCT. The image-artifacts induced by motion are more regular in CBCT imaging where the mobile-target elongation increases linearly with motion-amplitude. In ACT and HCT, the motion-artifacts are irregular where some mobile -targets are elongated or shrunk depending on the motion-phase during imaging. The DIR-algorithms are successful in deforming the images of the mobile-targets to the images of the stationary-targets producing the CT-number values and length of the target for motion-amplitudes < 20 mm. Similarly in ACT, all DIR-algorithms produced the actual CT-number and length of the stationary-targets for motion-amplitudes < 15 mm. As stronger motion-artifacts are induced in HCT and ACT, DIR-algorithms fail to produce CT-values and shape of the stationary-targets and fast-demons-algorithm has worst performance.
Conclusions: Most of DIR-algorithms produce the CT-number values and lengths of the stationary-targets in HCT and ACT images that has motion-artifacts induced by small motion-amplitudes. As motion-amplitudes increase, the DIR-algorithms fail to deform mobile-target images to the stationary-images in HCT and ACT. In CBCT, DIR-algorithms are successful in producing length and shape of the stationary-targets, however, they fail to produce the accurate CT-number level.

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