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Variations in the Displacement Vector Fields Calculated by Different Deformable Image Registration Algorithms Used in Helical, Axial and Cone-Beam CT Images of a Mobile

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I Ali

I Ali1*, J Jaskowiak1 , N Alsbou2 , S Ahmad1 , (1) University of Oklahoma Health Sciences, Oklahoma City, OK, (2) University of Central Oklahoma, Edmond, Oklahoma,


SU-F-J-77 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: To investigate quantitatively the displacement-vector-fields (DVF) obtained from different deformable image registration algorithms (DIR) in helical (HCT), axial (ACT) and cone-beam CT (CBCT) to register CT images of a mobile phantom and its correlation with motion amplitudes and frequencies.
Methods: HCT, ACT and CBCT are used to image a mobile phantom which includes three targets with different sizes that are manufactured from water-equivalent material and embedded in low density foam. The phantom is moved with controlled motion patterns where a range of motion amplitudes (0-40mm) and frequencies (0.125-0.5Hz) are used. The CT images obtained from scanning of the mobile phantom are registered with the stationary CT-images using four deformable image registration algorithms including demons, fast-demons, Horn-Schunk and Locas-Kanade from DIRART software.
Results: The DVF calculated by the different algorithms correlate well with the motion amplitudes that are applied on the mobile phantom where maximal DVF increase linearly with the motion amplitudes of the mobile phantom in CBCT. Similarly in HCT, DVF increase linearly with motion amplitude, however, its correlation is weaker than CBCT. In ACT, the DVF’s do not correlate well with the motion amplitudes where motion induces strong image artifacts and DIR algorithms are not able to deform the ACT image of the mobile targets to the stationary targets. Three DIR-algorithms produce comparable values and patterns of the DVF for certain CT imaging modality. However, DVF from fast-demons deviated strongly from other algorithms at large motion amplitudes.
Conclusion: In CBCT and HCT, the DVF correlate well with the motion amplitude of the mobile phantom. However, in ACT, DVF do not correlate with motion amplitudes. Correlations of DVF with motion amplitude as in CBCT and HCT imaging techniques can provide information about unknown motion parameters of the mobile organs in real patients as demonstrated in this phantom visibility study.

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