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Monte Carlo Dosimetry of the 60Co Bebig High Dose Rate Source for Brachytherapy

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L Campos

L T Campos*, C E V de Almeida , Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio De Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro


SU-F-T-12 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose:The purpose of this work is to obtain the dosimetry parameters in accordance with the AAPM TG-43U1 formalism with Monte Carlo calculations regarding the BEBIG 60Co high-dose-rate brachytherapy. The geometric design and material details of the source was provided by the manufacturer and was used to define the Monte Carlo geometry.

Methods:The dosimetry studies included the calculation of the air kerma strength Sk, collision kerma in water along the transverse axis with an unbounded phantom, dose rate constant and radial dose function. The Monte Carlo code system that was used was EGSnrc with a new cavity code, which is a part of EGS++ that allows calculating the radial dose function around the source. The XCOM photon cross-section library was used. Variance reduction techniques were used to speed up the calculation and to considerably reduce the computer time. To obtain the dose rate distributions of the source in an unbounded liquid water phantom, the source was immersed at the center of a cube phantom of 100 cm3.

Results:The obtained dose rate constant for the BEBIG 60Co source was 1.108±0.001 cGyh-1U-1, which is consistent with the values in the literature. The radial dose functions were compared with the values of the consensus data set in the literature, and they are consistent with the published data for this energy range.

Conclusion:The dose rate constant is consistent with the results of Granero et al. and Selvam and Bhola within 1%. Dose rate data are compared to GEANT4 and DORZnrc Monte Carlo code. However, the radial dose function is different by up to 10% for the points that are notably near the source on the transversal axis because of the high-energy photons from 60Co, which causes an electronic disequilibrium at the interface between the source capsule and the liquid water for distances up to 1 cm.

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