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The Variable Virtual Source-To-Axis Distance Effect On A Compact Proton Pencil Beam Scanning System

J Zhang

J Zhang*, X Li , X Ding , Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI


SU-F-T-210 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: We investigate the spot characteristic and dose profiles properties from a compact gantry proton therapy system. This compact design features a dedicated pencil beam scanning nozzle with the scanning magnet located upstream of the final 60 degree bending magnet. Due to the unique beam line design, uncertainty has been raised in the virtual source-to-axis distance (SAD). We investigate its potential clinical impact through measurements and simulation.

Methods: A scintillator camera based detector was used to measure spot characteristics and position accuracy. An ion chamber array device was used to measure planar dose profile. Dose profile in-air simulation was performed using in-house built MATLAB program based on additional spot parameters directly from measurements. Spot characteristics such as position and in-air sigma values were used to general simulated 2D elliptical Gaussian spots. The virtual SAD distance changes in the longitudinal direction were also simulated. Planar dose profiles were generated by summation of simulated spots at the isocenter, 15 cm above the isocenter, and 15 cm below the isocenter for evaluation of potential clinical dosimetric impact.

Results: We found that the virtual SAD varies depending on the spot location on the longitudinal axis. Measurements have shown that the variable SAD changes from 7 to 12 meters from one end to the other end of the treatment field in the longitudinal direction. The simulation shows that the planer dose profiles differences between the fixed SAD and variable SAD are within 3% from the isocenter profile and the lateral penumbras are within 1 mm difference.

Conclusion: Our measurements and simulations show that there are minimum effects on the spot characteristics and dose profiles for this up-stream scanning compact system proton system. Further treatment planning study is needed with the variable virtual SAD accounted for in the planning system to show minimum dosimetric impact.

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