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Adaptive Determination of Needle Sequence HDR Prostate Brachytherapy with Divergent Needle-By-Needle Delivery

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M Borot de Battisti

M Borot de Battisti1*, B Denis de Senneville2,3, M Maenhout1, G Hautvast4, D Binnekamp4, J J W Lagendijk1, M Van Vulpen1, M A Moerland8, (1) University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiotherapy, Utrecht, The Netherlands, (2) IMB, UMR 5251 CNRS/University of Bordeaux, Talence, France, (3) University Medical Center Utrecht, Imaging Division, Utrecht, The Netherlands, (4) Philips Group Innovation, Biomedical Systems, Eindhoven, The Netherlands


TU-H-CAMPUS-JeP3-5 (Tuesday, August 2, 2016) 5:30 PM - 6:00 PM Room: ePoster Theater

Purpose: To develop a new method which adaptively determines the optimal needle insertion sequence for HDR prostate brachytherapy involving divergent needle-by-needle dose delivery by e.g. a robotic device. A needle insertion sequence is calculated at the beginning of the intervention and updated after each needle insertion with feedback on needle positioning errors.

Methods: Needle positioning errors and anatomy changes may occur during HDR brachytherapy which can lead to errors in the delivered dose. A novel strategy was developed to calculate and update the needle sequence and the dose plan after each needle insertion with feedback on needle positioning errors. The dose plan optimization was performed by numerical simulations. The proposed needle sequence determination optimizes the final dose distribution based on the dose coverage impact of each needle. This impact is predicted stochastically by needle insertion simulations. HDR procedures were simulated with varying number of needle insertions (4 to 12) using 11 patient MR data-sets with PTV, prostate, urethra, bladder and rectum delineated. Needle positioning errors were modeled by random normally distributed angulation errors (standard deviation of 3 mm at the needle’s tip). The final dose parameters were compared in the situations where the needle with the largest vs. the smallest dose coverage impact was selected at each insertion.

Results: Over all scenarios, the percentage of clinically acceptable final dose distribution improved when the needle selected had the largest dose coverage impact (91%) compared to the smallest (88%). The differences were larger for few (4 to 6) needle insertions (maximum difference scenario: 79% vs. 60%). The computation time of the needle sequence optimization was below 60s.

Conclusion: A new adaptive needle sequence determination for HDR prostate brachytherapy was developed. Coupled to adaptive planning, the selection of the needle with the largest dose coverage impact increases chances of reaching the clinical constraints.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: M. Borot de Battisti is funded by Philips Medical Systems Nederland B.V.; M. Moerland is principal investigator on a contract funded by Philips Medical Systems Nederland B.V.; G. Hautvast and D. Binnekamp are full-time employees of Philips Medical Systems Nederland B.V.

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