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Feasibility Study of Respiratory Gated RapidArc SBRT Using a 6MV FFF Photon Beam

K Dou

K Dou1*, M Jacobs2,B Laser2, M Safaraz1, J Rodgers 1 (1) RadAmerica, MedStar Health, Baltimore, MD, (2) Mercy Medical Center Radiation Oncology, Baltimore, MD


SU-F-T-634 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

To conduct a feasibility study on retrospective respiratory gating and marker tracking for lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with a gated RapidArc delivery using a 6MV flattened filter free photon mode.

A CIRS dynamic thorax phantom Model 008A with different inserts was used for treatment planning and respiratory gating. 4D CT had a free breathing simulation followed by a respiration gated, ten phased CT using a Philips Brilliance CT with a Varian RPM respiratory gating system. The internal target volume was created from the ten phase gated CT images, followed by exporting to a Varian Eclipse TPS v11 for treatment planning on the free breath images. Both MIP and AIP were also generated for comparison of planning and target motion tracking. The planned dose was delivered with a 6MV FFF photon beam from a Varian TrueBeam accelerator. Gated target motion was also verified by tracking the implanted makers during delivery using continuous kV imaging in addition to CBCT, kV and MV localization and verification.

Gating was studied in three situations of lower, normal, and faster breathing at a respiratory cycle of 5, 15 and 25 breaths per minute, respectively. 4D treatment planning was performed at a normal breathing of 15 breaths per minute. The gated patterns obtained using the TrueBeam IR camera were compared with the planned ones while gating operation was added prior to delivery . Gating was realized only when the measured respiratory patterns matched to the planned ones. The gated target motion was verified within the tolerance by kV and MV imaging. Either free breathing CT or averaged CT images were studied to be good for image guidance to align the target.

Gated RapidArc SBRT delivered with a 6MV FFF photon beam is realized using a dynamic lung phantom.

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