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Feasibility of Open Mask Immobilization with Optical Imaging Guidance (OIG) for H&N Radiotherapy

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B Zhao

B Zhao*, G Maquilan , M Anders , S Jiang , D Schwartz , UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX


SU-F-J-18 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: Full face and neck thermoplastic masks provide standard-of-care immobilization for patients receiving H&N IMRT. However, these masks are uncomfortable and increase skin dose. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the feasibility and setup accuracy of open face and neck mask immobilization with OIG.
Methods: Ten patients were consented and enrolled to this IRB-approved protocol. Patients were immobilized with open masks securing only forehead and chin. Standard IMRT to 60-70 Gy in 30 fractions were delivered in all cases. Patient simulation information, including isocenter location and CT skin contours, were imported to a commercial OIG system. On the first day of treatment, patients were initially set up to surface markings and then OIG referenced to face and neck skin regions of interest (ROI) localized on simulation CT images, followed by in-room CBCT. CBCTs were acquired at least weekly while planar OBI was acquired on the days without CBCT. Following 6D robotic couch correction with kV imaging, a new optical real-time surface image was acquired to track intrafraction motion and to serve as a reference surface for setup at the next treatment fraction. Therapists manually recorded total treatment time as well as couch shifts based on kV imaging. Intrafractional ROI motion tracking was automatically recorded.
Results: Setup accuracy of OIG was compared with CBCT results. The setup error based on OIG was represented as a 6D shift (vertical/longitudinal/lateral/rotation/pitch/roll). Mean error values were -0.70±3.04mm, -0.69±2.77mm, 0.33±2.67 mm, -0.14±0.94 o, -0.15±1.10o and 0.12±0.82o, respectively for the cohort. Average treatment time was 24.1±9.2 minutes, comparable to standard immobilization. The amplitude of intrafractional ROI motion was 0.69±0.36 mm, driven primarily by respiratory neck motion.
Conclusion: OGI can potentially provide accurate setup and treatment tracking for open face and neck immobilization. Study accrual and patient/provider satisfaction survey collection remain ongoing.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This study is supported by VisionRT, Ltd

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