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Longitudinal Diffusion MRI for Treatment Assessment of Sarcoma Patients with Pre-Operative Radiation Therapy

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Y Yang

Y Yang*, M Cao , M Kamrava , D Low , K Sheng , J Lamb , N Agazaryan , D Thomas , P Hu , UCLA, Los Angeles, CA


WE-FG-202-11 (Wednesday, August 3, 2016) 1:45 PM - 3:45 PM Room: 202

Purpose: Diffusion weighted MRI (DWI) is a promising imaging technique for early prediction of tumor response to radiation therapy. A recently proposed longitudinal DWI strategy using a Co-60 MRI guided RT system (MRIgRT) may bring functional MRI guided adaptive radiation therapy closer to clinical utility. We report our preliminary results of using this longitudinal DWI approach performed on the MRIgRT system for predicting the response of sarcoma patient to preop RT.
Methods: Three sarcoma patients who underwent fractionated IMRT were recruited in this study. For all three patients DWI images were acquired immediately following his/her treatment. For each imaging session, ten slices were acquired interleaved with the b values covering the gross tumor volume (GTV). The diffusion images were processed to obtain the ADC maps using standard exponential fitting for each voxel. Regions of interest were drawn in the tumor on the diffusion images based on each patient’s clinical GTV contours. Each patient subsequently underwent surgery and the tumor necrosis score was available from standard pathology. The ADC values for each patient were compared to the necrosis scores to assess the predictive value of our longitudinal DWI for tumor response.
Results: Each patient underwent 3 to 5 diffusion MRI scans depending on their treatment length. Patient 1 had a relatively unchanged ADC during the course of RT and a necrosis score of 30% at surgery. For patient 2, the mean ADC values decreased from 1.56 x 10-3 to 1.12 x 10-3 mm2/s and the patient’s necrosis score was less than 10%. Patient 3 had a slight increase in the ADC values from 0.59 x 10-3 to 0.71 x 10-3 mm2/s and patient’s necrosis score was 50%.
Conclusion: Based on limited data from 3 patients, our longitudinal changes in tumor ADC assessed using the MRIgRT system correlated well with pathology results.

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