Encrypted login | home

Program Information

Objective Image Characterization of Spectral CT with a Dual-Layer Detector

no image available
O Ozguner

O Ozguner1*, S Halliburton2 , A Dhanantwari2 , G Wen3 , S Utrup2 , D Jordan4 , (1) Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, (2) Philips Healthcare, Highland Heights, OH, (3) The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, (4) University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH


WE-FG-207B-11 (Wednesday, August 3, 2016) 1:45 PM - 3:45 PM Room: 207B

Purpose:To obtain objective reference data for the spectral performance on a dual-layer detector CT platform (IQon, Philips) and compare virtual monoenergetic to conventional CT images.

Methods:Scanning was performed using the hospital’s clinical adult body protocol: helical acquisition at 120kVp, with CTDIvol=15mGy. Multiple modules (591, 515, 528) of a CATPHAN 600 phantom and a 20 cm diameter cylindrical water phantom were scanned. No modifications to the standard protocol were necessary to enable spectral imaging. Both conventional and virtual monoenergetic images were generated from acquired data. Noise characteristics were assessed through Noise Power Spectra (NPS) and pixel standard deviation from water phantom images. Spatial resolution was evaluated using Modulation Transfer Functions (MTF) of a tungsten wire as well as resolution bars. Low-contrast detectability was studied using contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of a low contrast object.

Results:MTF curves of monoenergetic and conventional images were almost identical. MTF 50%, 10%, and 5% levels for monoenergetic images agreed with conventional images within 0.05lp/cm. These observations were verified by the resolution bars, which were clearly resolved at 7lp/cm but started blurring at 8lp/cm for this protocol in both conventional and 70 keV images. NPS curves indicated that, compared to conventional images, the noise power distribution of 70 keV monoenergetic images is similar (i.e. noise texture is similar) but exhibit a low frequency peak at keVs higher and lower than 70 keV. Standard deviation measurements show monoenergetic images have lower noise except at 40 keV where it is slightly higher. CNR of monoenergetic images is mostly flat across keV values and is superior to that of conventional images.

Conclusion:Values for standard image quality metrics are the same or better for monoenergetic images compared to conventional images. Results indicate virtual monoenergetic images can be used without any loss in image quality or noise penalties relative to conventional images.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This study was performed as part of a research agreement among Philips Healthcare, University Hospitals of Cleveland, and Case Western Reserve University.

Contact Email: