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Estimation of the Accuracy in Respiratory-Gated Radiotherapy

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T Kurosawa

T Kurosawa1*, H Tachibana2 , S Moriya2, 3 , S Miyakawa1 , M Sato1 , (1) Komazawa University, Setagaya, Tokyo, (2) National Cancer Center, Kashiwa, Chiba, (3) University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki


SU-F-T-479 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: Irregular respiratory patterns affects dose outputs in respiratory-gated radiotherapy and there is no commercially available quality assurance (QA) system for it. We designed and developed a patient specific QA system for respiratory-gated radiotherapy to estimate irradiated output.
Methods: Our in-house QA system for gating was composed of a personal computer with the USB-FSIO electronic circuit connecting to the linear accelerator (ONCOR-K, Toshiba Medical Systems). The linac implements a respiratory gating system (AZ-733V, Anzai Medical). During the beam was on, 4.2 V square-wave pulses were continually sent to the system. Our system can receive and count the pulses. At first, our system and an oscilloscope were compared to check the performance of our system. Next, basic estimation models were generated when ionization-chamber measurements were performed in gating using regular sinusoidal wave patterns (2.0, 2.5, 4.0, 8.0, 15 sec/cycle). During gated irradiation with the regular patterns, the number of the pulses per one gating window was measured using our system. Correlation between the number of the pulses per one gating and dose per the gating window were assessed to generate the estimation model. Finally, two irregular respiratory patterns were created and the accuracy of the estimation was evaluated.
Results: Compared to the oscilloscope, our system worked similarly. The basic models were generated with the accuracy within 0.1%. The results of the gated irradiations with two irregular respiratory patterns show good agreement within 0.4% estimation accuracy.
Conclusion: Our developed system shows good estimation for even irregular respiration patterns. The system would be a useful tool to verify the output for respiratory-gated radiotherapy.

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