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Verification of Dose Distributions From High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Ir-192 Source Using a Multiple-Array-Diode-Detector (MapCheck2)

K Harpool

K Harpool*, T De La Fuente Herman , S Ahmad , I Ali , University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK


SU-G-201-17 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: 201

Purpose: To investigate quantitatively the accuracy of dose distributions for the Ir-192 high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy source calculated by the Brachytherapy-Planning system (BPS) and measured using a multiple-array-diode-detector in a heterogeneous medium.

Methods: A two-dimensional diode-array-detector system (MapCheck2) was scanned with a catheter and the CT-images were loaded into the Varian-Brachytherapy-Planning which uses TG-43-formalism for dose calculation. Treatment plans were calculated for different combinations of one dwell-position and varying irradiation times and different-dwell positions and fixed irradiation time with the source placed 12mm from the diode-array plane. The calculated dose distributions were compared to the measured doses with MapCheck2 delivered by an Ir-192-source from a Nucletron-Microselectron-V2-remote-after-loader. The linearity of MapCheck2 was tested for a range of dwell-times (2-600 seconds). The angular effect was tested with 30 seconds irradiation delivered to the central-diode and then moving the source away in increments of 10mm.

Results: Large differences were found between calculated and measured dose distributions. These differences are mainly due to absence of heterogeneity in the dose calculation and diode-artifacts in the measurements. The dose differences between measured and calculated due to heterogeneity ranged from 5%-12% depending on the position of the source relative to the diodes in MapCheck2 and different heterogeneities in the beam path. The linearity test of the diode-detector showed 3.98%, 2.61%, and 2.27% over-response at short irradiation times of 2, 5, and 10 seconds, respectively, and within 2% for 20 to 600 seconds (p-value=0.05) which depends strongly on MapCheck2 noise. The angular dependency was more pronounced at acute angles ranging up to 34% at 5.7 degrees.

Conclusion: Large deviations between measured and calculated dose distributions for HDR-brachytherapy with Ir-192 may be improved when considering medium heterogeneity and dose-artifact of the diodes. This study demonstrates that multiple-array-diode-detectors provide practical and accurate dosimeter to verify doses delivered from the brachytherapy Ir-192-source.

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