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Verification of the Accuracy of a Relative Stopping Power (RSP) to Hounsfield Unit (HU) Calibration Curve Produced for Proton Treatment Planning Using EBT3-Gafchromic Film Dosimetry

E Schnell

E Schnell*, C Ferreira , S Ahmad , T De La Fuente Herman , University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK


SU-F-T-219 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: Accuracy of a RSP-HU calibration curve produced for proton treatment planning is tested by comparing the treatment planning system dose grid to physical doses delivered on film by a Mevion S250 double-scattering proton unit.

Methods: A single batch of EBT3 Gafchromic film was used for calibration and measurements. The film calibration curve was obtained using Mevion proton beam reference option 20 (15cm range, 10cm modulation). Paired films were positioned at the center of the spread out Bragg peak (SOBP) in solid water. The calibration doses were verified with an ion chamber, including background and doses from 20cGy to 350cGy. Films were scanned in a flatbed Epson-Expression 10000-XL scanner, and analyzed using the red channel. A Rando phantom was scanned with a GE LightSpeed CT Simulator. A single-field proton plan (Eclipse, Varian) was calculated to deliver 171cGy to the pelvis section (heterogeneous region), using a standard 4x4cm aperture without compensator, 7.89cm beam range, and 5.36cm SOBP. Varied depths of the calculated distal 90% isodose-line were recorded and compared. The dose distribution from film irradiated between Rando slices was compared with the calculated plans using RIT v.6.2.

Results: Distal 90% isodose-line depth variation between CT scans was 2mm on average, and 4mm at maximum. Fine calculation of this variation was restricted by the dose calculation grid, as well as the slice thickness. Dose differences between calibrated film measurements and calculated doses were on average 5.93cGy (3.5%), with the large majority of differences forming a normal distribution around 3.5cGy (2%). Calculated doses were almost entirely greater than those measured.

Conclusion: RSP to HU calibration curve is shown to produce distal depth variation within the margin of tolerance (±4.3mm) across all potential scan energies and protocols. Dose distribution calculation is accurate to 2-4% within the SOBP, including areas of high tissue heterogeneity.

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