Encrypted login | home

Program Information

Rapid and Efficient 3D Dosimetry for End-To-End Patient-Specific QA of Rotational SBRT Deliveries Using a High-Resolution EPID

Y Yang

Y M Yang*, B Han, L Xing, L Wang, Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA


MO-FG-CAMPUS-TeP1-5 (Monday, August 1, 2016) 4:30 PM - 5:00 PM Room: ePoster Theater

EPID-based patient-specific quality assurance provides verification of the planning, setup and delivery process that phantomless QA, and log-file based virtual dosimetry methods cannot achieve. We present a method for EPID-based QA utilizing spatially-variant EPID response kernels that allows for direct calculation of the entrance fluence and 3D phantom dose.
An EPID dosimetry system was utilized for 3D dose reconstruction in a cylindrical phantom for the purposes of end-to-end QA. Monte Carlo (MC) methods were used to generate pixel-specific point-spread functions (PSFs) characterizing the spatially non-uniform EPID portal response in the presence of phantom scatter. The spatially-variant PSFs were decomposed into spatially-invariant basis PSFs, with the symmetric central-axis kernel as the primary basis kernel, and off-axis representing orthogonal perturbations in pixel-space. This compact and accurate characterization enables the use of a modified Richardson-Lucy deconvolution algorithm to directly reconstruct entrance fluence from EPID images, without iterative scatter subtraction.
High-resolution phantom dose kernels were cogenerated in MC with the PSFs, enabling direct recalculation of the resulting phantom dose by rapid forward convolution once the entrance fluence was calculated. A Delta4 QA phantom was used to validate the dose reconstructed in this approach.
The spatially-invariant representation of the EPID response accurately reproduced the entrance fluence with >99.5% fidelity, with a simultaneous reduction of >60% in computational overhead. 3D dose for 10⁶ voxels was reconstructed for the entire phantom geometry. A 3D global gamma analysis demonstrated a >95% pass rate at 3%/3mm.
Our approach demonstrates the capabilities of an EPID-based end-to-end QA methodology that is more efficient than traditional EPID dosimetry methods. Displacing the point of measurement external to the QA phantom reduces the necessary complexity of the phantom itself, while offering a method that is highly scalable, and inherently generalizable to rotational and trajectory based deliveries.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This research was partially supported by Varian.

Contact Email: