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Program Information

In-Room Neutron Dose From High Energy Photon Beams

D Christ

D Christ*, G Ding , Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN


SU-F-T-657 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: To estimate neutron dose inside the treatment room from photodisintegration events in high energy photon beams using Monte Carlo simulations and experimental measurements.

Methods: The Monte Carlo code MCNP6 was used for the simulations. An Eberline ESP-1 Smart Portable Neutron Detector was used to measure neutron dose. A water phantom was centered at isocenter on the treatment couch, and the detector was placed near the phantom. A Varian 2100EX linear accelerator delivered an 18MV open field photon beam to the phantom at 400MU/min, and a camera captured the detector readings. The experimental setup was modeled in the Monte Carlo simulation. The source was modeled for two extreme cases: a) hemispherical photon source emitting from the target and b) cone source with an angle of the primary collimator cone. The model includes the target, primary collimator, flattening filter, secondary collimators, water phantom, detector and concrete walls. Energy deposition tallies were measured for neutrons in the detector and for photons at the center of the phantom.

Results: For an 18MV beam with an open 10cm by 10cm field and the gantry at 180°, the Monte Carlo simulations predict the neutron dose in the detector to be 0.11% of the photon dose in the water phantom for case a) and 0.01% for case b). The measured neutron dose is 0.04% of the photon dose. Considering the range of neutron dose predicted by Monte Carlo simulations, the calculated results are in good agreement with measurements.

Conclusion: We calculated in-room neutron dose by using Monte Carlo techniques, and the predicted neutron dose is confirmed by experimental measurements. If we remodel the source as an electron beam hitting the target for a more accurate representation of the bremsstrahlung fluence, it is feasible that the Monte Carlo simulations can be used to help in shielding designs.

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