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The Efficiency of Calculating Photonuclear Reaction On High-Energy Photon Therapy by Monte Carlo Method

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S Hirayama

S Hirayama1*, T Fujibuchi2 , (1)Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, (2) Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University


SU-F-T-376 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: Secondary-neutrons having harmful influences to a human body are generated by photonuclear reaction on high-energy photon therapy. Their characteristics are not known in detail since the calculation to evaluate them takes very long time. PHITS(Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System) Monte Carlo code since versions 2.80 has the new parameter “pnimul” raising the probability of occurring photonuclear reaction forcibly to make the efficiency of calculation. We investigated the optimum value of “pnimul” on high-energy photon therapy.

Methods: The geometry of accelerator head based on the specification of a Varian Clinac 21EX was used for PHITS ver. 2.80. The phantom (30 cm * 30 cm * 30 cm) filled the composition defined by ICRU(International Commission on Radiation Units) was placed at source-surface distance 100 cm. We calculated the neutron energy spectra in the surface of ICRU phantom with “pnimal” setting 1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000 and compared the total calculation time and the behavior of photon using PDD(Percentage Depth Dose) and OCR(Off-Center Ratio). Next, the cutoff energy of photon, electron and positron were investigated for the calculation efficiency with 4, 5, 6 and 7 MeV.

Results: The calculation total time until the errors of neutron fluence become within 1% decreased as increasing “pnimul”. PDD and OCR showed no differences by the parameter. The calculation time setting the cutoff energy like 4, 5, 6 and 7 MeV decreased as increasing the cutoff energy. However, the errors of photon become within 1% did not decrease by the cutoff energy.

Conclusion: The optimum values of “pnimul” and the cutoff energy were investigated on high-energy photon therapy. It is suggest that using the optimum “pnimul” makes the calculation efficiency. The study of the cutoff energy need more investigation.

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