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A New Approach for MR-Only Treatment Planning: Tissue Segmentation-Based Pseudo-CT Generation Using T1-Weighted MRI

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H Yu

H Yu1*, Y Lee2 , B Chugh2 , C Tseng2 , M Campbell2 , K Leszczynski1 , A Sahgal2 , (1) N Eastern Ontario Cancer Center, Sudbury, ON, (2) Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario


SU-G-JeP2-1 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 4:30 PM - 5:00 PM Room: ePoster Theater

Purpose:To evaluate MR-only treatment planning for brain Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy (SABR) based on pseudo-CT (pCT) generation using one set of T1-weighted MRI.

Methods:T1-weighted MR and CT images from 12 patients who were eligible for brain SABR were retrospectively acquired for this study. MR-based pCT was generated by using a newly in-house developed algorithm based on MR tissue segmentation and voxel-based electron density (ED) assignment (pCTv). pCTs using bulk density assignment (pCTb where bone and soft tissue were assigned 800HU and 0HU,respectively), and water density assignment (pCTw where all tissues were assigned 0HU) were generated for comparison of ED assignment techniques. The pCTs were registered with CTs and contours of radiation targets and Organs-at-Risk (OARs) from clinical CT-based plans were copied to co-registered pCTs. Volumetric-Modulated-Arc-Therapy(VMAT) plans were independently created for pCTv and CT using the same optimization settings and a prescription (50Gy/10 fractions) to planning-target-volume (PTV) mean dose. pCTv-based plans and CT-based plans were compared with dosimetry parameters and monitor units (MUs).
Beam fluence maps of CT-based plans were transferred to co-registered pCTs, and dose was recalculated on pCTs. Dose distribution agreement between pCTs and CT plans were quantified using Gamma analysis (2%/2mm, 1%/1mm with a 10% cut-off threshold) in axial, coronal and sagittal planes across PTV.

Results:The average differences of PTV mean and maximum doses, and monitor units between independently created pCTv-based and CT-based plans were 0.5%, 1.5% and 1.1%, respectively. Gamma analysis of dose distributions of the pCTs and the CT calculated using the same fluence map resulted in average agreements of 92.6%/79.1%/52.6% with 1%/1mm criterion, and 98.7%/97.4%/71.5% with 2%/2mm criterion, for pCTv/CT, pCTb/CT and pCTw/CT, respectively.

Conclusion:Plans produced on Voxel-based pCT is dosimetrically more similar to CT plans than bulk assignment-based pCTs. MR-only treatment planning using voxel-based pCT generated from T1-wieghted MRI may be feasible.

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