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Evaluation of Plastic Scintillator Light Output for Various Lead Doping Concentrations: Towards LET Detection

H Nusrat

H Nusrat1*, G Pang2 , A Sarfehnia2 , (1) Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, (2) Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON


SU-F-T-239 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall


This work seeks to develop a beam quality meter using multiple differently doped plastic scintillators that are thus intrinsically beam-quality dependent. Plastic scintillators spontaneously emit visible light upon irradiation; the amount of light produced is dependent on stopping power (closely related to LET) according to Birks’ law. Doping plastic scintillators can be used to tune their sensitivity to specific LET ranges.


GEANT4.10.1 Monte Carlo (MC) was used to evaluate the response of various scintillator dopant combinations. MC radiation transport and scintillator light response were validated against previously published literature. Current work involves evaluating detector response experimentally; to that end, a detector prototype with interchangeable scintillator housing was constructed. Measurement set-up guides light emitted by the scintillator to a photomultiplier tube via a glass taper junction coupled to an optical fiber. The resulting signal is measured by an electrometer, and normalized to dose readout from a diode. Measurements have been done using clinical electron and orthovoltage beams. MC response (simulated scintillator light normalized to dose scored inside the scintillating volume) was evaluated for four different LET radiations for an undoped and 1%Pb doped scintillator (σ=0.85%). Simulated incident electrons included: 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 6, 12, and 18 MeV; these energies correspond to a range of stopping power (related to LET) values ranging from 1.824 to 11.09 MeVcm²g⁻¹ (SCOL from NIST-ESTAR).


Initial MC results show a distinct divergence in scintillator response as LET increases. The response for undoped plastic scintillator indicated a 35.0% increase in signal when going from 18 MeV (low LET) to 0.05 MeV (high LET) while 1%-Pb doped scintillator indicated a 100.9% increase.


After validating MC against measurement, simulations will be used to test various concentrations (2%, 4%, 6%) of different high-Z material dopants (W, Mo) to optimize the scintillator types for the beam quality meter.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: NSERC Discovery Grant RGPIN-435608

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