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SBRT Treatment of Multiple Extracranial Oligometastases Using a Single-Isocenter with Distinct Optimizations (SIDO)

M Trager

M Trager*, J Adamson , J Salama , Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC


SU-F-T-591 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: A new development in linac-based intracranial radiosurgery is treatment of multiple targets using single isocenter VMAT, which dramatically reduces treatment time while maintaining high conformality and dose gradient. Our purpose is to translate this technique to extracranial SBRT of oligometastases and address additional challenges such as interplay from motion and setup uncertainties.

Methods: We propose SIDO (Single Isocenter with Distinct Optimizations) planning in which all VMAT arcs share an isocenter but each arc treats only one target. Setup uncertainties from rotations and deformations are mitigated by applying a couch translation between VMAT arcs, while interplay is minimized by using dynamic conformal arcs (DCAs) as the starting point for VMAT optimization. We compared SIDO to single (VMAT) and dual (VMAT & DCA) isocenter plans for phantom and patient (N=2) cases. Dose statistics included conformity index (CI), gradient index (GI), and modulation factor (MLC opening & total MU). Finally, we determined likelihood of needing a translational shift between SIDO arcs to correct rotational uncertainties using CBCTs from eleven previous SBRT cases.

Results: For phantoms with target separations of 5-15cm, CI was 0.87±0.02, 0.89±0.05, and 0.91±0.02, for SIDO, single, and dual-isocenter VMAT respectively. GI was 6.83±1.0, 7.45±1.0 and 5.94±0.7 respectively. SIDO conformity did not trend with increasing distance between PTVs, while gradient decreased for all planning techniques. Using DCAs as the starting point of VMAT optimization decreased modulation, with a 39.4% reduction in monitor units. SIDO had 4.9% and 39% less MU than single and dual-isocenter VMAT respectively. A translational shift between SIDO arcs would be required in 10-28% of cases due to rotational uncertainties to stay within a 5mm margin, for targets separated by ≥10cm.

Conclusion: SIDO for extracranial oligometastases has comparable dosimetry to traditional VMAT with low modulation similar to DCAs. Future work will quantify decrease in dosimetric interplay.

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