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How to Quantify Temporal Resolution in X-Ray MDCT Imaging?

A Budde

A Budde1,2*, Y Li1 , J Hsieh3 , G Chen1 , (1) University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, (2) GE Healthcare Technologies, Madison, WI, (3) GE Healthcare Technologies, Brookfield, WI


TH-CD-207B-3 (Thursday, August 4, 2016) 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM Room: 207B

Purpose: In modern CT scanners, a quantitative metric to assess temporal response, namely, to quantify the temporal resolution (TR), remains elusive. Rough surrogate metrics, such as half of the gantry rotation time for single source CT, a quarter of the gantry rotation time for dual source CT, or measurements of motion artifact’s size, shape, or intensity have previously been used. In this work, a rigorous framework which quantifies TR and a practical measurement method are developed.

Methods: A motion phantom was simulated which consisted of a single rod that is in motion except during a static period at the temporal center of the scan, termed the TR window. If the image of the motion scan has negligible motion artifacts compared to an image from a totally static scan, then the system has a TR no worse than the TR window used. By repeating this comparison with varying TR windows, the TR of the system can be accurately determined. Motion artifacts were also visually assessed and the TR was measured across varying rod motion speeds, directions, and locations. Noiseless fan beam acquisitions were simulated and images were reconstructed with a short-scan image reconstruction algorithm.

Results: The size, shape, and intensity of motion artifacts varied when the rod speed, direction, or location changed. TR measured using the proposed method, however, was consistent across rod speeds, directions, and locations.

Conclusion: Since motion artifacts vary depending upon the motion speed, direction, and location, they are not suitable for measuring TR. In this work, a CT system with a specified TR is defined as having the ability to produce a static image with negligible motion artifacts, no matter what motion occurs outside of a static window of width TR. This framework allows for practical measurement of temporal resolution in clinical CT imaging systems.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: Funding support: GE Healthcare. Conflict of Interest: Employee, GE Healthcare.

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