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Lower KV Image Dose Are Expected From a Limited-Angle Intra-Fractional Verification (LIVE) System for SBRT Treatments

G Ding

G Ding1*, F Yin2 , L Ren2 , (1) Vanderbilt University , Nashville, TN, (2) Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC


SU-G-JeP3-6 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 5:00 PM - 5:30 PM Room: ePoster Theater

In order to track the tumor movement for patient positioning verification during arc treatment delivery or in between 3D/IMRT beams for stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), the limited-angle kV projections acquisition simultaneously during arc treatment delivery or in-between static treatment beams as the gantry moves to the next beam angle was proposed. The purpose of this study is to estimate additional imaging dose resulting from multiple tomosynthesis acquisitions in-between static treatment beams and to compare with that of a conventional kV-CBCT acquisition.

kV imaging system integrated into Varian TrueBeam accelerators was modeled using EGSnrc Monte Carlo user code, BEAMnrc and DOSXYZnrc code was used in dose calculations. The simulated realistic kV beams from the Varian TrueBeam OBI 1.5 system were used to calculate dose to patient based on CT images. Organ doses were analyzed using DVHs. The imaging dose to patient resulting from realistic multiple tomosynthesis acquisitions with each 25-30 degree kV source rotation between 6 treatment beam gantry angles was studied.

For a typical lung SBRT treatment delivery much lower (20-50%) kV imaging doses from the sum of realistic six tomosynthesis acquisitions with each 25-30 degree x-ray source rotation between six treatment beam gantry angles were observed compared to that from a single CBCT image acquisition.

This work indicates that the kV imaging in this proposed Limited-angle Intra-fractional Verification (LIVE) System for SBRT Treatments has a negligible imaging dose increase. It is worth to note that the MV imaging dose caused by MV projection acquisition in-between static beams in LIVE can be minimized by restricting the imaging to the target region and reducing the number of projections acquired. For arc treatments, MV imaging acquisition in LIVE does not add additional imaging dose as the MV images are acquired from treatment beams directly during the treatment.

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