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PET Based Radiomics to Predict Outcomes in Patients with Hodgkin Lymphoma

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J Lee

J Lee*, M Aristophanous , M Akhtari , S Milgrom , D Bouthaina , C Pinnix , S Narang , A Rao , L Court , G Smith , The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX


SU-F-R-14 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

To identify PET-based radiomics features associated with high refractory/relapsed disease risk for Hodgkin lymphoma patients.
A total of 251 Hodgkin lymphoma patients including 19 primary refractory and 9 relapsed patients were investigated. All patients underwent an initial pre-treatment diagnostic FDG PET/CT scan. All cancerous lymph node regions (ROIs) were delineated by an experienced physician based on thresholding each volume of disease in the anatomical regions to SUV>2.5. We extracted 122 image features and evaluated the effect of ROI selection (the largest ROI, the ROI with highest mean SUV, merged ROI, and a single anatomic region [e.g. mediastinum]) on classification accuracy. Random forest was used as a classifier and ROC analysis was used to assess the relationship between selected features and patient’s outcome status.
Each patient had between 1 and 9 separate ROIs, with much intra-patient variability in PET features. The best model, which used features from a single anatomic region (the mediastinal ROI, only volumes>5cc: 169 patients with 12 primary refractory) had a classification accuracy of 80.5% for primary refractory disease. The top five features, based on Gini index, consist of shape features (max 3D-diameter and volume) and texture features (correlation and information measure of correlation1&2). In the ROC analysis, sensitivity and specificity of the best model were 0.92 and 0.80, respectively. The area under the ROC (AUC) and the accuracy were 0.86 and 0.86, respectively. The classification accuracy was less than 60% for other ROI models or when ROIs less than 5cc were included.
This study showed that PET-based radiomics features from the mediastinal lymph region are associated with primary refractory disease and therefore may play an important role in predicting outcomes in Hodgkin lymphoma patients. These features could be additive beyond baseline tumor and clinical characteristics, and may warrant more aggressive treatment.

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