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Optimal Treatment Planning Strategy Among Arc Arrangements for Prostate SBRT with VMAT Technique

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J Chung

J Chung1*, S Kang2 , T Suh2 , J Lee J3 , Kim1 , K Eom1 , (1) Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Kyeonggi-do, (2) The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul (3) Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul


SU-F-T-625 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal treatment planning strategy among the different arc arrangements for prostate stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plans with volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT).

Methods:Ten patients with prostate cancer were selected. The SBRT-VMAT plans for each patient were generated with single-full (181° to 179°; 1FA), single-partial (240° to 120°; 1PA), double-full (181° to 179° and 179° to 181°; 2FA), and double-partial (240° to 120° and 120° to 240°; 2PA) arc arrangements. The prescription dose was 42.7 Gy in 7 fractions. Dose distribution was calculated using a 10-MV flattening-filter-free beam and the Acuros XB algorithm. Dosimetric parameters of target volume and organs at risk (OARs) were evaluated from cumulative dose-volume histograms on prostate SBRT-VMAT plans between single-arc (1FA and 1PA) and double-arc (2FA and 2PA) arrangements.

Results: All plans using four arc arrangements were highly conformal with conformity index (CI)<1.05 and conformation number (CN)=0.91, and the doses to target volume were homogeneous (homogeneity index (HI)= 0.09 0.12). Pertaining to the dose to the OARs, there were significant differences in the rectum, left and right femoral head doses while having no difference in the bladder dose. The partial-arc (1PA and 2PA) had relatively high reductions for the mean rectum dose compared to full-arc (1FA and 2FA). The near-to-maximum dose (D2%) and mean dose of the left and right femoral head were always lower on prostate SBRT-VMAT plan using the full-arc, when compared to the partial-arc arrangement.

Conclusion: This study confirmed that prostate SBRT-VMAT using 1PA was feasible fast delivery time and produced equivalent target coverage and better rectum sparing, although the D2% and mean dose of the left and right femoral head increased slightly. Therefore, the results of this study suggest that the use of 1PA is an attractive choice for delivering prostate SBRT-VMAT.

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