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A Collapsed Cone Algorithm Can Be Used for Quality Assurance for Monaco Treatment Plans for the MR-Linac

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J Wolthaus

S Hackett1 , B van Asselen1 , G Feist2 , S Pencea3 , H Akhiat4 , J Wolthaus1*, A Kotte1 , G Bol1 , J Lagendijk1 , B Raaymakers1 , (1) University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Utrecht, (2) Elekta Instrument AB Stockholm, Stockholm, Stockholm, (3) Elekta Inc. Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, (4) Elekta BV, Best, Best


SU-F-J-148 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Treatment plans for the MR-linac, calculated in Monaco v5.19, include direct simulation of the effects of the 1.5T B₀-field. We tested the feasibility of using a collapsed-cone (CC) algorithm in Oncentra, which does not account for effects of the B₀-field, as a fast online, independent 3D check of dose calculations.

Treatment plans for six patients were generated in Monaco with a 6 MV FFF beam and the B₀-field. All plans were recalculated with a CC model of the same beam. Plans for the same patients were also generated in Monaco without the B₀-field. The mean dose (Dmean) and doses to 10% (D10%) and 90% (D90%) of the volume were determined, as percentages of the prescribed dose, for target volumes and OARs in each calculated dose distribution. Student’s t-tests between paired parameters from Monaco plans and corresponding CC calculations were performed.

Figure 1 shows an example of the difference between dose distributions calculated in Monaco, with the B₀-field, and the CC algorithm. Figure 2 shows distributions of (absolute) difference between parameters for Monaco plans, with the B₀-field, and CC calculations. The Dmean and D90% values for the CTVs and PTVs were significantly different, but differences in dose distributions arose predominantly at the edges of the target volumes. Inclusion of the B₀-field had little effect on agreement of the Dmean values, as illustrated by Figure 3, nor on agreement of the D10% and D90% values.

Dose distributions recalculated with a CC algorithm show good agreement with those calculated with Monaco, for plans both with and without the B₀-field, indicating that the CC algorithm could be used to check online treatment planning for the MR-linac. Agreement for a wider range of treatment sites, and the feasibility of using the γ-test as a simple pass/fail criterion, will be investigated.

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