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Dosimetric Evaluation of the Respiratory Interplay Effect During VMAT Delivery Using IPAGAT Polymer Gel Dosimeter

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K Ono

K Ono1*, S Fujimoto1 , S Hayashi2 , K Hioki3 , M Miyazawa4 , Y Akagi1 , Y Hirokawa1 , (1) Hiroshima Heiwa Clinic, Hiroshima, JP, (2) Hiroshima International University, Hiroshima, JP, (3) Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, JP, (4) R-TECH.INC, Tokyo, JP,


SU-G-BRB-17 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Ballroom B

Purpose:To evaluate the dosimetric impact of the interplay effect between multileaf collimator (MLC) movement and tumor respiratory motion during delivery of volumetric modulate arc therapy (VMAT) by using customized polymer gel dosimeter.

Methods:Polyacrylamide-based gel dosimeter contained magnesium chloride as a sensitizer (iPAGAT) was used in this study. An excellent gas barrier PAN (BAREX) techno bottle (φ8 cm, 650 mL) filled with iPAGAT was set to the QUASAR™ respiratory motion phantom, and was moved with motion amplitudes of 1 and 2 cm with a 4 second period during VMAT delivery by the Novalis Tx linear accelerator (Varian/BrainLAB). Two spherical tumors with a 2 cm diameter (GTV1 and GTV2) were defined, and ITV1 (GTV1+1 cm) and ITV2 (GTV2+2 cm) with expansion in the superior-inferior (S-I) direction were also defined with simulated respiratory motion. PTV margin was 2 mm around the ITV considering the setup uncertainty. Two single arc VMAT plans with 30 Gy at 3 Gy per fraction (GTV: D98>100%, PTV: D95=100%) were generated by the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system. Three-dimensional dose distribution in iPAGAT was read out by the Signa 1.5T MRI system (GE), and was evaluated by dose-volume histogram (DVH) using in-house developed software.

Results:According to DVH analysis by iPAGAT, D98 of GTV1 and GTV2 were more than 100% of the prescribed dose. In contrast, D95 of PTV1 and PTV2 were about 85% and 65%, respectively. Furthermore, low-to-intermediate dose was widespread with motion amplitude of 2 cm.

Conclusion:DVH analysis using iPAGAT polymer gel dosimeter was performed in this study. As a result, interplay effect was negligible, since dose coverage of GTV was sufficient during VMAT delivery with simulated respiratory motion. However, the dose reduction of PTV and the spread of low-to-intermediate dose compared to the planned dose require scrupulous attention for large tumor respiratory motion.

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